The Influence of Oral Hygiene Education on The Oral Health Status of Patients Suffering from HIV/AIDS
Keywords:Education, Nurses' Oral Hygiene, Patients with AIDS
AbstractIntroduction: Poor oral hygiene and dental care can affect oral intake which results in decreased endurance and increases the risk of opportunistic or systemic infections. Method: The research was carried out the RSUD dr. M. Haulussy Ambon, Maluku, Indonesia, using a quasi-experimental method, involving 30 nurses and 20 patients. The level of knowledge and skills is evaluated before and after oral hygiene education for nurses. Patients were measured with a Beck Oral Assessment Scale (BOAS) score, and C. albicans yeast culture before and after the intervention was given in the form of oral hygiene using a soft toothbrush and dental floss for one week. Result: The influence of oral hygiene education on nurses knowledge with median value of pre-education 36.00 and post-education 91.00 and nurse skills have median value of pre-education 67.00 and post-education 100.00 with a significant value of p = 0.001 <0.05. There is an increase in knowledge and skills after educational activities. Before oral hygiene treatment was applied with a review of the BOAS score it had a median value of 11.00 after the intervention became 6.00 a significant value of p= 0.001<0.05, which showed a decrease in scores after oral hygiene treatment. Examination of C. albicans fungus with a median value of 79.00 pre-intervention and 31.00 at post-intervention, a significant value of p= 0.001, showed a decrease in the number of post-intervention fungi. Conclusion: Nurses should conducted Oral hygiene regularly to improve oral health status of AIDs patiens.
Abduljabbar, T., Hussain, M., Adnan, T., Vohra, F., & Javed, F. (2017). Comparison of oral Candida species prevalence and carriage among gutka-chewers and betel-quid chewers, 350–354. Retrieved from https://jpma.org.pk/article-details/8108?article_id=8108
Ames N.J, Sulima P, Yates J,M, McCullagh L,Gollins S.L, Soeken K, Wallen G.R. 2011. Effects of Systematic Oral Care in Critically Ill Patients: A Multicenter Study. American Journal Critical Care : 20(5): e103–e114.
Delise, P., Polyzois, G., Machado, A. L., Giampaolo, E. T., Sanitá, P. V., & Vergani, C. E. (2012). Effectiveness of Mechanical Brushing with Different Denture Cleansing Agents in Reducing In Vitro Candida albicans Biofilm Viability, 23, 547–554.
Drapal, C. S. (2015). Oral Care Practice Guidelines for the Care- Dependent Hospitalized Adult Outside of the Intensive Care Unit Setting.
Doengoes, M.E, Moorhouse, M. F., & Murr, A. C. (2015). Nursing Care Plans (9th ed., Vol. 1542). Philadelphia.
Fernanda, C., Vidal, D. L., Karla, A., Vidal, D. L., Gildo, J., Monteiro, D. M., … Montarroyos, U. (2017). Impact of oral hygiene involving toothbrushing versus chlorhexidine in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia : a randomized study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2188-0
Fjeld KG, Eide H, Mowe M, Hove LH, Willumsen T. Dental hygiene registration: development, and reliability and validity testing of an assessment scale designed for nurses in institutions. J Clin Nurs. 2017;26(13–14):1845-53.
Fox, J. E., Tobias, C. R., Bachman, S. S., Reznik, D. A., Rajabun, S., & Verdecias, N. (2012). Increasing Access to Oral Health Care for People Living with HIV / AIDS in the U . S .: Baseline Evaluation Results of the Innovations in Oral Health Care Initiative, 127, 5–16.
Freires, I. de A., Murata, R. M., Furletti, V. F., Sartoratto, A., Alencar, S. M. de, Figueira, G. M., … Rosalen, P. L. (2014). Coriandrum sativum L . (Coriander) Essential Oil: Antifungal Activity and Mode of Action on Candida spp., and Molecular Targets Affected in Human Whole-Genome Expression, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099086.t001
Gibney, J., Wright, C., Sharma, A., & Naganathan, V. (2015). Nurse’s Knowledge, Attitudes , and Current Practice of Daily Oral Hygiene Care to Patients on Acute Aged Care Wards in Two Australian Hospitals, 5, 285–293. https://doi.org/10.1111/scd.12131
Groenkjaer, L. L. (2015). Oral Care in Hepatology Nursing, 22–30. https://doi.org/10.1097/SGA.0000000000000086
Khan, S. A., Moorthy, J., Omar, H., & Hasan, S. S. (2012). People living with HIV / AIDS ( PLWHA ) and HIV / AIDS associated oral lesions ; a study in Malaysia. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-850
Krishnan, P. A. (2012). Fungal Infections of the Oral Mucosa. Kesehatan, 23. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.107384
Kuteyi, T., & Okwundu, C. (2012). Topical treatments for HIV-related oral ulcers, (1). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007975.pub2.www.cochranelibrary.com
Malik, N. A. (2017). Oral Hygiene Practices and Knowledge Among Stroke-Care Nurses: A Multi-Center Cross- Sectional Study. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14241
Meless, D., Boubacar, B., & Faye, M. (2015). Oral lesions among HIV-infected children on antiretroviral treatment in West Africa, 19(3), 246–255. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12253.Oral
Mwangosi, I. E. A. T., & Majenge, J. M. (2011). Prevalence and awareness of oral manifestations among people living with HIV / AIDS attending counselling and treatment centres in Iringa Municipality; Tanzania, 13(3), 1–7.
Nursalam, Ninuk, D. K., Misutarno, & Kurniasari, F. S. (2018). Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien Terinfeski HIV/AIDS. (P. P. Lestari & T. U. Utami, Eds.) (Two). Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
Oyetola, E. O., Owotade, F. J., Agbelusi, G. A., Fatusi, O. A., & Sanusi, A. A. (2015). Oral findings in chronic kidney disease: implications for management in developing countries, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-015-0004-z
Patussi, C., Sassi, L. M., Munhoz, E. C., Stramandinoli, R. T., & Schussel, J. L. (2014). Clinical assessment of oral mucositis and candidiasis compare to chemotherapic nadir in transplanted patients, 28(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2014.vol28.0050
Peeran, S. W., Altaher, O. B., Peeran, S. A., Alsaid, F. M., Mugrabi, M. H., & Ahmed, A. M. (2014). Oral health in Libya : addressing the future challenges, 1, 1–7.
Pinelli, L. A. P., Montandon, A. A. B., Corbi, S. C. T., Moraes, T. A., & Fais, L. M. G. (2013). Ricinus Communis Treatment of Denture Stomatitis in Institutionalised Elderly, (10). https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12039
Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G., Stockert, P. A., & Hall, A. M. (2013). FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING (EIGHTH EDI). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Inc.
Rajabiun, S., Fox, J. E., McCluskey, A., E., G., Verdecias, N., Jeanty, Y., … Mofidi, M. (2012). Patient Perspectives on Improving Oral Health-Care Practices Among People Living with HIV / AIDS, 127, 73–81.
Salamone, K., Yacoub, E., Mahoney, A., & Edward, K. (2013). Oral Care of Hospitalised Older Patients in the Acute Medical Setting, 2013, 4–7.
Sato, T., Kishi, M., Suda, M., Sakata, K., Shimoda, H., Miura, H., & Ogawa, A. (2017). Prevalence of Candida albicans and non- albicans on the tongue dorsa of elderly people living in a post-disaster area : a cross-sectional survey, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-017-0342-0
Seleem, D., Benso, B., Noguti, J., Pardi, V., & Murata, R. M. (2016). In Vitro and In Vivo Antifungal Activity of Lichochalcone-A against Candida albicans Biofilms, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157188
Souza, R. F. De, Khiyani, M. F., Chaves, C. A. L., Feine, J., Barbeau, J., Fuentes, R., … Emami, E. (2017). Improving practice guidelines for the treatment of denture-related erythematous stomatitis: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-1947-y
Takeuchi, S., Motohashi, J., Kimori, H., Nakagawa, Y., & Tsurumoto, A. (2016). Effects of oral moisturising gel containing egg yolk antibodies against Candida albicans in older people, 128–134. https://doi.org/10.1111/ger.12139
Valentini-mioso, F., Maske, T. T., Cenci, M. S., Boscato, N., & Pereira-cenci, T. (2013). Chemical hygiene protocols for complete dentures: A crossover randomized clinical trial. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2017.12.022
Yang, Y., Zhang, F., Lyu, X., Yan, Z., Hua, H., & Peng, X. (2016). Prevention Of Oral Candidiasis After Free Flap Surgery: Role Of 3% Sodium Bicarbonate Saline Saline In Oral Care. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2016.08.037
How to Cite
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- Irna Megawaty, Syahrul Syahrul, Educational Interventions in Diabetics With the Use of Health Belief Models: Literature Review , Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal): Volume 4 No. 1 Agustus 2019
- Wahyu Hidayat, Syahrul Syahrul, Instruments to Measure Nurses’ Knowledge And Skills in Implementing Evidence-Based Practice: A Literature Review , Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal): Volume 3 No. 2 Februari 2019
- Mona Meylinda Sari, Syahrul Syahrul, Silvia Malasari, Training of Caregiver Towards Family Independence Level in Caring for Elderly With Hypertension , Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal): Volume 1 No. 1 Agustus 2016
- Narmawan Nurmawan, Ida Djafar, Hasnani Hakim, Harmiati Syafril, Syahrul Syahrul, Syahrul Ningrat, Replacement Peripheral Intravenous Catheters With Clinical Indication for Patient Convenience, Cost Efficiency and Reducing Nurses Workload , Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal): Volume 3 No. 1 Agustus 2018
- Hasdi Hasdi, Syahrul Syahrul, Saldy Yusuf, Nurses' Knowledge about Diabetes Foot Ulcer Prevention and Treatment: An Integrative Review , Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal): Vol. 7 No. 1 (2022): Volume 7 No. 1 Agustus 2022
- Suryani Suryani, Andriani Andriani, Rosyidah Arafat, The Correlation of Television Show and Bullying Behavior in High School of Mahaputra in Makassar , Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal): Volume 2 No. 2 Februari 2018