Errors in English Descriptive Text Produced by High School Students in Manado


  • Meily Ivane Esther Neman Universitas Klabat
  • Virginia Sabatini Kamuh Universitas Klabat



Error Analysis, Descriptive Text, Writing


Studying errors in English as a foreign language is crucial for both teachers and learners. This study aims to identify and analyze the types of errors in writing descriptive texts produced by students at SMA N 8 Manado, with a focus on determining the most prevalent types. This qualitative study employs the classification error theory based on Dulay et al. (1982), namely, the surface strategy taxonomy, omission, misordering, addition, and misformation. The students in SMA N 8 Manado, as the sample of this study, were asked to write a paragraph about their goals. The results of this study showed the percentage of errors made by students in writing descriptive text, which are, omission error (25,23%), error of misordering (7,47%), error of addition (10,28%), and error of misformation (57,94). This study also found other errors that are produced by some students that are not included in the classification of errors by Dulay et al (1982), they are errors in punctuation and capitalization.


Download data is not yet available.


Al-khresheh, M. (2013). The misuse of word order in the writing of Jordanian EFL Learners. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Ayu, P. (2016). Designing Caricature in Teaching Writing for EFL learners. Research in English and Education (READ), 1(1), 1-9,

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Collecting Qualitative data. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. (p. 204-235). Boston, MA: PearsonEducation.

Dinamika, S. G, & Hanafiah, R. (2019). Syntactical Error Analysis on Report Text. JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature). 4(2), 120-129.

Farisatma, N., Nasmilah, & Rahman, F. (2017). Applying group work to improve student’s grammar achievements. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research-IJIR, 3(5), 1971-1975.

Gaddafi, A. M. (2022). Contrastive analysis of some errors committed by second language Learners of English at the English department, faculty of education, Sirte University. Journal of Human Sciences, 21(2), 39-43.

Dulay, H. C., Burt, M. K., & Krashen, S. D. (1982). Language Two Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Ernawati, R. Purnomo, & N. Suryani L. (2019). An Error Analysis in Writing Descriptive Text of the Seventh Grade Students. Professional Journal of English Education, 2(5) 616-621.

Fitria, N. T. (2020). Error Analysis Found in Students’ Writing Composition in Simple Past Tense of Recount Text. Academic Journal of English Language and Education. 4(2), 141-160.

Hasnia, H., Andini, C., Tahir, M. D., Hunaeni, H., Zulfikariandi, Z., & Muslimin, M. T. (2022). The Ability of 1st Class Students of SMAN 11 Enrekang to Arrange Verbal and Nominal Sentences. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 5(3), 539-550.

Kharmilah, P & Narius, D. (2019). Error Analysis in Writing Discussion Text Made By Students at English Department of Universitas Negeri Padang. Journal of English Language Teaching, 8(3), 328-335.

Nadya, M & Muthalib, K. (2021). Error Analysis of the Students’ English Written Descriptive Text. English Education Journal, 12(2), 196-217.

Pardosi, J. D., Karo, R. E. V. B., Sijabat, O. A. S., Pasaribu, H., & Tarigan, N. W. P. (2019). An error analysis of students in writing narrative text. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(1), 159-172.

Pancawati, S., & Dwiastuty, N. (2021). Error Analysis of Using Simple Present Tense on Students Descriptive Text Writing. JEdu: Journal of English Education, 1(2), 72-78.'_Descriptive_Text_Writing

Prihandoko, L. A., Anggawirya, A. M., & Rahman, F. (2021). Students’ Perceptions Towards Autonomous Learners Concept in Academic Writing Classes: Sequential Mixed-Method. In International Joined Conference on Social Science (ICSS 2021) (pp. 487-491). Atlantis Press.

Ramadhani, A. (2020). Analysis Of Students' Writing By Using Surface Taxonomy Strategy At Pre-planet Program Of Kresna English Language Institute. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Proficiency, 2(1), 1-9.

Rahman, F., Abbas, A., Hasyim, M., Rahman, F., Abbas, A., & Hasyim, M. (2019). Facebook group as media of learning writing in ESP context: A case study at Hasanuddin University. Asian EFL Journal Research Articles, 26(6.1), 153-167.

Sari, N. P., Putrawan, G. E., & Deviyanti, R. (2021). Students’ grammatical error analysis in the recount text translation. International Journal of Educational Studies in Social Sciences (IJESSS), 1(2), 73-80.

Soe, T. (2021). Theoretical Assumptions for Error Analysis. Journal of International Cultural Studies, 27, 111-125.

Suherman, L. A., Rahman, F., Eryck, M. F., & Munirah, M. (2022). Plagiarism Occur in Students’Academic Work, Exploring Impact The EFL (English as Foreign Language) Undergraduate Students’Plagiarism in Theses Writing. ZONAsi: Jurnal Sistem Informasi, 4(1), 52-63.

Suhono. (2018). Surface Strategy Taxonomy on The EFL Students’ Composition A Study of Error Analysis. Jurnal IQRA, 1(2), 2-27. DOI:10.25217/ji.v1i2.128




How to Cite

Ivane Esther Neman, M., & Sabatini Kamuh, V. (2024). Errors in English Descriptive Text Produced by High School Students in Manado. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 7(1), 17-21.