Pengaruh Faktor Riwayat Lahir dan Sosial Ekonomi terhadap Gizi Lebih pada Remaja

Elita Oktorina Pasaribu, Drajat Martianto, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

Abstract

Obesity is a major problem in the world, especially in adolescents whose prevalence increase and obesityin adolescents are multi-factorial desease. Birth history and socio-economic factors that influence obesity. Thepurpose of this study was to identify birth history and socio-economic factors for over nutrition in adolescents.The design of this study is a cohort study using secondary data from the Indonesian Family Life Surveys (IFLS)and carried out from December 2017 - August 2018. The study involved 426 adolescents aged 15-17 years. Thestatistical analysis used is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The direct effect on birth weight was gestationalage (OR 7.7) (p <0.05). The direct effect of adolescent nutritional status was found in father’s education (p <0.05)and maternal BMI (p <0.05) had a significant effect, while maternal education (p> 0.05), income / capita / month(p> 0.05 ), and the living area (p> 0.05) did not find significant results for over nutrition in adolescents. Adolescentswho have highly educated fathers and overweight or obese mothers are risk factor for adolescents to becomeover nutrition.

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Authors

Elita Oktorina Pasaribu
elitaoktorinapasaribu@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Drajat Martianto
Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
Pasaribu, E. O., Martianto, D., & Dwiriani, C. M. (2019). Pengaruh Faktor Riwayat Lahir dan Sosial Ekonomi terhadap Gizi Lebih pada Remaja. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 15(2), 158-167. Retrieved from https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/mkmi/article/view/6308

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