Forensic Linguistics Study on Natalius Pigai'S Speech for Central Javanese Ethnic (Jokowi and Ganjar Pranowo as an Object)


  • Machdori Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Tadjuddin Maknun Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Ery Iswary Universitas Hasanuddin



Forensic Linguistics, Natalius Pigai, Racism, Social Media


There are many cases of spreading information containing hate speech in Indonesia. Hate speech can mean acts of communication carried out by an individual or group in the form of provocation, incitement or insult to another individual or group. Hate speech usually concerns aspects of race, skin color, gender, disability, sexual orientation, nationality, religion and others. This research specifically examines the ethnicity of Central Java, Indonesia. This article review aims to 1) describe elements of contempt for ethnic Central Java, namely Joko Widodo and Ganjar Pranowo, and 2) describe whether the statement forward by Natalis Pigai is identified as hate speech that violates the ITE Law of Indonesia Article 45A. The method of data collection is done by reviewing the news that has existed so far. This research review uses a qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of this study found five indications of forms of racism utterances made by Natalius Pigai namely racism, provocative, hateful, insulting and lying. This action violates the applicable ITE Law in Indonesia.


Download data is not yet available.


Alkiviadou, N. (2019). Hate speech on social media networks: towards a regulatory framework?. Information & Communications Technology Law, 28(1), 19-35.

Brown, A. (2018). What is so special about online (as compared to offline) hate speech?. Ethnicities, 18(3), 297-326.

Carlson, C. R. (2021). Hate speech. MIT Press.

Eriyanto. (2001). Linguistics Analysis: Analysis Preface of Media Text Analisis Teks Media. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Hangartner, D., Gennaro, G., Alasiri, S., Bahrich, N., Bornhoft, A., Boucher, J., ... & Donnay, K. (2021). Empathy-based counterspeech can reduce racist hate speech in a social media field experiment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(50), e2116310118.

Hamuddin, B., Syahdan, S., Rahman, F., Rianita, D., & Derin, T. (2022). Do They Truly Intend to Harm Their Friends?: The Motives Beyond Cyberbullying among University Students. In Research Anthology on Combating Cyber-Aggression and Online Negativity (pp. 775-788). IGI Global.

Leech, G. N., (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. Longman, London.

Matamoros-Fernández, A., & Farkas, J. (2021). Racism, hate speech, and social media: A systematic review and critique. Television & New Media, 22(2), 205-224.

Mozafari, M., Farahbakhsh, R., & Crespi, N. (2020). Hate speech detection and racial bias mitigation in social media based on BERT model. PloS one, 15(8), e0237861.

Mulyadi, E. (2019). Model Sosialisasi dan Implementasi Regulasi UU ITE yang Digunakan oleh Kemkominfo untuk Menangkal Konten Negatif di Media Sosial (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Mercu Buana Jakarta).

Rahman, F. (2017). Cyber literature: A reader–writer interactivity. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 3(4), 156.

Rahman, F., & Amir, P., & Tammasse. (2019). Trends in Reading Literary Fiction in Print and Cyber Media by Undergraduate Students of Hasanuddin University. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(2), 66-77.

Santos, S., Amaral, I., & Simões, R. B. (2020). Hate speech in social media: perceptions and attitudes of higher education students in Portugal. In INTED2020 Proceedings (pp. 5681-5686). IATED.

Silva, L., Mondal, M., Correa, D., Benevenuto, F., & Weber, I. (2016). Analyzing the targets of hate in online social media. In Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media (Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 687-690).

Sudaryanto. (1993). Method dan teknik analysis bahasa. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Sukmawaty, Rahman, F. F., & Andini, C. (2022). Covid-19 Pandemic and Axiology of Communication: A Study of Linguistic Phenomena. IJISRT, 7(4), 1079-1087.

Ștefăniță, O., & Buf, D. M. (2021). Hate speech in social media and its effects on the LGBT community: A review of the current research. Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations, 23(1), 47-55.




How to Cite

Machdori, Maknun, T., & Iswary, E. (2023). Forensic Linguistics Study on Natalius Pigai’S Speech for Central Javanese Ethnic (Jokowi and Ganjar Pranowo as an Object). ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 6(2), 391-396.