ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN KALSIUM PADA IBU HAMIL DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

Galih Purnasari, Dodik Briawan, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

Abstract


Kalsium selama kehamilan selain penting bagi kesehatan tulang ibu dan janin, diperlukan pula untuk mencegah hipertensi dalam kehamilan. Wanita hamil di negara berkembang umumnya memiliki asupan kalsiumyang rendah. Selama ini belum banyak data mengenai asupan kalsium pada ibu hamil di Indonesia. Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan menganalisis asupan kalsium pangan dan tingkat kecukupan kalsium pada ibu hamil di Kabupaten Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan desaincross-sectional. Wawancara mengenai konsumsi pangan dilakukan kepada 96 orang ibu hamil yang dipilih secara purposive pada bulan Januari sampai Februari 2016 menggunakan food frequency questionnaire semi-kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa 81.2% ibu hamil memiliki tingkat kecukupan kalsium yang berada dalam kategori kurang. Asupan kalsium dari pangan memenuhi 67.6% EAR(Estimated Average Requirement) kalsium ibu hamil. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara frekuensi konsumsi susu dan olahannya (r=0.721, p=0.000), lauk hewani (r=0.595, p=0.000), sayuran (r=0.463, p=0.000), dan jajanan (r=0.429, p=0.000) dengan tingkat kecukupan kalsium subjek. Penelitian ini menunjukkan pentingnya pendidikan gizi tentang konsumsi gizi seimbang selama kehamilan dan perlunya suplementasi kalsium sebagai salah satu program untuk memenuhi kebutuhan kalsium ibu hamil dan dalam rangka pencegahan hipertensi dalam kehamilan.

Keywords


Asupan kalsium, kecukupan kalsium, ibu hamil

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v12i4.1546

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