The Effect of Perceptual – Motor Training on Cognitive Abilities in Children with Mild Mental Retardation

https://doi.org/10.20956/icon.v6i1.10052

Authors

  • Nahdiah Purnamasari Program Studi Fisioterapi Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Nurul Fauziah Arifin Program Studi Fisioterapi Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Dian Amaliah Nawir Program Studi Fisioterapi Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin

Keywords:

Perceptual – Motor Training, Cognitive Abilities, Mild Mental Retardation

Abstract

Introduction: Children with mental retardation are the children who have incomplete mental development, there are an obsctacles during the child’s development that effect their cognitive, motoric, sensory, physical, language, and emotional development. This study aims to determine the effect of perceptual – motor training on changes in cognitive abilities in children with mild mental retardation. Method: This study used a quasi-experimental design with the type of one group pre test and post test. The instrument used montreal – cognitive assessment which consists of 7 cognitive aspects test. The subjects of this study were children with mild retardation from SLB Laniang Makassar who were able to communicate even though the children needed repetition instructions for several times and their aged 10-14 years old. The number of respondent was 17 peoples (out of dropout) and underwent perceptual-motor training for 4 weeks (12 times treatments). Results: The results of this study after Shapiro Wilk normality test obtained normal distribution data (p >0.05), then carried out hypothesis test used Paired T - Test and obtained a significant value p = 0,000 (p <0.05). The results of the data analysis from the pre test and post test showed an increase on cognitive abilities. Conclusion: This shows that there is an effect of perceptual – motor training on changes in cognitive abilities in children with mild mental retardation.  

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Author Biography

Nurul Fauziah Arifin, Program Studi Fisioterapi Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin

Bernama Nurul Fauziah Arifin, lahir di Ujung Pandang tanggal 27 Juni 1998, bertempat tinggal di BTN H Banca Kabupaten Maros, sedang menempuh pendidikan sebagai mahasiswa akhir (semester 8) program studi Fisioterapi Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin angkatan 2016, pengalaman organisasi yang paling berkesan yakni sebagai Badan Pengurus Harian dan Dewan Permusyawaratan Mahasiswa Himpunan Mahasiswa Fisioterapi Unhas. Prestasi yang diraih selama perkuliahan yakni Awardee Beasiswa Unggulan Kemendikbud RI, lolos pendanaan Program Kreativitas Mahasiswwa (PKM) tahun 2018, lolos pendanaan Program Mahasiswa Wirausaha (PMW) 2018, peringkat 2 Mahasiswa Berprestasi Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin, dan semifinalis lomba essai nasional Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta tahun 2018.
Dimensions

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Published

2021-08-31

How to Cite

Purnamasari, N., Arifin, N. F., & Nawir, D. A. (2021). The Effect of Perceptual – Motor Training on Cognitive Abilities in Children with Mild Mental Retardation. Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal , 6(1), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.20956/icon.v6i1.10052

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Articles