Listening Self-Efficacy of EFL Students of Pre-Service Teaching Program in EFL Classroom Setting


  • Darmawan Labira IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere
  • Rani IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere
  • Maria Elisabeth Nona Marsi IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere



EFL, Listening, Self-efficacy


Listening has been widely recognized, viewed and explored as a theoretical foundation in the realm of language research. Considerable amount of papers found listening self-efficacy in EFL classroom is still a challenging issue. This paper attempted to explore listening self-efficacy of 42 EFL students who enrolled in listening class. The data were collected through 18 self-rated items questionnaire using 5-point Likert-type scale and than measured and analyzed individually before presented them differently in percentage The finding revealed that student’s self-efficacy toward listening skill in direct listening was 39 out of 42 students (92%) were categorized as high self-efficacy while 3 out of 42 students (7%) students were categorized as moderate self-efficacy and students’ self-efficacy in their abilities in complex listening was 75% while self-efficacy on their abilities in dialects listening was 70%. Students with higher self-efficacy posessed higher capabilities in orginizing their materials in a way better performance, more well-prepared before the class started and likely more actively engaged in various classroom activities. In the other hand, one’s with moderate or lower self-efficacy was reflected through less less contribution, encountering difficulties using emotional reactions, approaching difficult tasks as threats to be avoided and being discouraged. Verbal persuasions, observing role model performances, and positive experiences of task accomplishments were a few of most common of student’s source of self-efficcy. Students level of self-efficacy in each students were not affected by gender.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Darmawan Labira, IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere

Faculty of humanity and social science English Department


Adnan, A. (2014). Improving students’ listening ability through movie report. Proceedings of ISelt FBS Universitas Negeri Padang, 2, 69-75.

Akufah, A. (2012). The effectiveness of teaching listening on news item text using video. Unpublished undergraduate thesis). Institut Agama Islam Negeri Walisongo, Semarang.

Alfian, Lio, A. &, & Marafat, L. ode S. (2019). The Use of Audio Podcast for Teaching Listening Comprehension. Journal of Language Education and Educational Technology, 4(1), 1–12.

Azizah, A. (2019). The Implementation Of Audio Visual In Teaching Listening (An Experimental Study At SMK Negeri 3 Langsa). Getsempena English Education Journal, 6(1).

Bandura, A. (1995). Exercise of personal and collective efficacy in changing societies. In A. Bandura, (Ed.), Self-efficacy in changing societies (pp. 1– 45). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A., Freeman, W. H., & Lightsey, R. (1999). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 13(2), 158.

Cahyaningrum, D. (2010). The effectiveness of using video in teaching listening of oral narrative text. Thesis Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.

Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Language teaching approaches: An overview. Teaching English as a second or foreign language, 2(1), 3-10.

Chao, Y. Y., Scherer, Y. K., Wu, Y. W., Lucke, K. T., & Montgomery, C. A. (2013). The feasibility of an intervention combining self-efficacy theory and Wii Fit exergames in assisted living residents: A pilot study. Geriatric nursing, 34(5), 377-382.

Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural equation modeling: a multidisciplinary journal, 14(3), 464-504.

Gilakjani, A. P. (2016). The significance of listening comprehension in English language teaching. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 6(8), 1670.

Goh, L. L. (2008). The effects of self-efficacy on career choices and job readiness among people with intellectual disability in Singapore. Doctoral dissertation.

Goss, B. (1982). Listening as information processing. Communication Quarterly, 30(4), 304-307.

Haghverdi, H. R., & Vaezi, M. N. (2012). The impact of English and Persian movie subtitle on the listening comprehension of Iranian EFL learners. Islamic Azad University Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch. retrived from march, 8, 2012.

Hasnia, H., Andini, C., Tahir, M. D., Hunaeni, H., Zulfikariandi, Z., & Muslimin, M. T. (2022). The Ability of 1st Class Students of SMAN 11 Enrekang to Arrange Verbal and Nominal Sentences. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 5(3), 539-550.

Ilhan, B. (2018). Length in listening texts; A single determiner of difficulty for comprehension or not. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 14(3), 336-346.

Junaid, S., Ahmad, Nurhidayah, Mujizat, A., & Andini, C. (2023). The Quality of Human and Non-Human Relation in Indonesia and England Portrayed in the Selected Picture Books. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities. 6(2), 211-218.

Kurita, T. (2012). Issues in second language listening comprehension and the pedagogical implications. Accents Asia, 5(1), 30-44.

Machmoed, H. A., Sahib, H., & Hakim, A. (2023). Discourse Analysis Of Skin Care Advertisements On Social Media Based on Language Structure And Function. International Journal of All Research Writings, 4(7), 1-6.

Mirvan, X. (2013). The advantages of using films to enhance student’s reading skills in the EFL classroom. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(13), 62-66.

Mills, N., Pajares, F., & Herron, C. (2006). A reevaluation of the role of anxiety: Self‐efficacy, anxiety, and their relation to reading and listening proficiency. Foreign language annals, 39(2), 276-295.

Noonan, P., & Gaumer Erickson, A. (2018). College and career competency sequence. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas, Center for Research on Learning.

Nunan, D. (1997). Approaches to teaching listening in the language classroom. In Plenary (p. 1).

Mendoza, G. L. L., Caranto, L. C. & David, J. J. T. (2015). Effectiveness of video presentation to students' learning. International Journal of Learning Science, 5(2), 81-86

Mohamadi, E., Bana Derakshan, H., Borhani, F., Hoseinabadi Farahani, M. J., Hoseingholi, P., & Naderi Ravesh, N. (2014). Relationship between nursing students’ achievement motivation and self-efficacy of clinical performance. Iran Journal of Nursing, 27(90), 33-43.

Osada, N. (2004). Listening comprehension research: A brief review of the past thirty years. Dialogue, 3(1), 53-66.

Purdy, M. (1997). What is listening. Listening in everyday life: A personal and professional approach, 2, 1-20.

Prihandoko, L. A., Tembang, Y., Marpaung, D. N., & Rahman, F. (2019). English language competence for tourism sector in supporting socio-economic development in Merauke: A Survey Study. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 343, No. 1, p. 012170). IOP Publishing.

Rezai, A., & Hashim, F. (2013). Impact of awareness raising about listening micro-skills on the listening comprehension enhancement: An exploration of the listening micro-skills in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 38(8), 1-15.

Renzhi, Y. (2012). Improving English listening self-efficacy of Chinese university students: influences of learning strategy training with feedback on strategy use and performance. Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved June, 3, 2013.

Rahman, F. (2018). The Constraints of Foreign Learners in Reading English Literary Works: A Case Study at Hasanuddin University. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 7(2), 01-12.

Rahman, F., & Amir, P. (2019). Trends in Reading Literary Fiction in Print and Cyber Media by Undergraduate Students of Hasanuddin University. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(2), 66-77.

Rahimi, A., & Abedini, A. (2009). The interface between EFL learners' self-efficacy concerning listening comprehension and listening proficiency. Novitas-ROYAL (Research on Youth and Language), 3(1).

Ramadhika, B. (2014). Improving students’ listening skills using animation videos for the eighth grade students of smp n 6 magelang in the academic year of 2013/2014. A Thesis of Yogyakarta State University.

Renandya, W. A. (2012). Materials and methods for extensive listening. In TEFLIN conference, Surabaya, Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www. academia. edu/2462863/Materials_and_Methods_for_Extensive_Listening.

Renukadevi, D. (2014). The role of listening in language acquisition; the challenges & strategies in teaching listening. International journal of education and information studies, 4(1), 59-63.

Rost, M. (2002). Listening tasks and language acquisition. In Memorias del Congreso JALT 2002 (pp. 18-28).

Underwood, M. (1989). Teaching listening. Addison-Wesley Longman Limited.

Walker, N. (2014). Listening: The most difficult skill to teach. Encuentro, 23(1), 167-175.

Woottipong, K. (2014). Effect of using video materials in the teaching of listening skills for university students. International Journal of Linguistics, 6(4), 200.

Yassi, A. H., Hanafiah, W., Sahib, H., Aswad, M., Nurchalis, N. F., & Azizi, Z. (2023). Exploring the effects of Pair-Interaction Model on improving Indonesian adult learners’ English proficiency. Studies in English Language and Education, 10(1), 117-136.

Yılmaz, H., & Yavuz, F. (2015). The problems young learners encounter during listening skills. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 2046-2050.

Zareian, G., Adel, S. M. R., & Noghani, F. A. (2015). The effect of multimodal presentation on EFL learners' listening comprehension and self-efficacy. Academic Research International, 6(1), 263.




How to Cite

Labira, D., Rani, & Marsi, M. E. N. (2023). Listening Self-Efficacy of EFL Students of Pre-Service Teaching Program in EFL Classroom Setting. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 6(2), 316-323.